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شرح الماضى البسيط فى المبنى للمجهول The Past Simple in Passive | كورس انجليزى | قواعد اللغه الانجليزية English Grammar

 

شرح الماضى البسيط فى المبنى للمجهول The Past Simple in Passive | كورس انجليزى | قواعد اللغه الانجليزية English Grammar

The Past Simple in Passive


*حالة الاثبات فى المبنى للمعلوم Active

Subject (  الفاعل  )+  Verb + ( d / ed / ied )                                    

* I bought a new mobile yesterday.

* Gana cooked eggs in a big pan.



*حالة الاثبات فى المبنى للمجهول Passive

Object (المفعول ) + was / were + PP ( التصريف الثالث للفعل ) + (by + الفاعل )

* A new mobile was bought (by me ) yesterday.

* Eggs were cooked in a big pan by Gana.

* The internet was invented 40 years ago.



*حالة النفى فى المبنى للمعلوم Active

Subject + didn’t + المصدر

* I didn’t send the email from the computer.

* My mother didn’t make these cakes.


*حالة النفى فى المبنى للمجهول Passive

Object (المفعول) + wasn’t / weren’t + PP ( التصريف الثالث) +(by + الفاعل)

* The email wasn’t sent.

* These cakes weren’t made by my mother.



* السؤال ب هل فى المبنى للمعلوم Active

Did + الفاعل + المصدر ……?

* Did you write this letter?

* Did Egyptians invent stamps?



* السؤال ب هل فى المبنى للمجهول Passive

Was / Were + المفعول  + PP + ….?

* Was this letter written by you?

* Were stamps invented by Egyptians?



* السؤال بأداة استفهام فى المبنى للمعلوم Active

أداة الاستفهام + did + الفاعل  + المصدر ……?

* When did the Chinese invent paper?

* Who invented the first pizza?



* السؤال بأداة استفهام فى المبنى للمجهول Passive

أداة الاستفهام + was / were + المفعول  + PP + …..?

* When was paper invented by the Chinese?

* Who was the first pizza invented by?



* لاحظ:- تحويل الجمل الآتية الى المبنى للمجهول.

* In Australia, people celebrate the start of spring in September. (Active)

- In Australia, the start of spring is celebrated in September.  (Passive)

* What do parents often give children at New Year today?   (Active)

- What is often given to children at New Year today?      (Passive)

* The teacher didn’t explain the lesson well.                    (Active)

- The lesson wasn’t well explained by the teacher.         (Passive)


يتم استكمال باقى الأزمنة فى الدروس القادمة ان شاء الله


Good Luck

Ahmed A.Shafi

 


الاسمبريد إلكترونيرسالة